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Lesson keyword: whose Whose? Possessive adjectives, pronouns, 's VOCABULARY: my, mine, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, their, theirs NAMES: name, nick-name, first name, middle name, last name / family name / surname, maiden name FAMILY RELATIONS: family, mother, Mom, father, Dad, wife, husband, child, kid, daughter, son, sister, brother, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew, cousin, grandmother, grandson, grand-daughter, mother-in-law, brother-in-law PEOPLE WORDS: new-born, infant, baby, toddler, child, kid, boy, girl, guy, gal, teenager, adult, grown-up, man, woman, fellow, folks, gal, lady, gentleman, Sir, Ma'am (Madame), bloke, buddy, bud, friend, chum, boss, chief BODY PARTS: head, hair, eyes, ears, nose, mouth, lips, teeth, tongue, neck, shoulder, arm, elbow, wrist, hand, thumb, finger, chest, heart, stomach, muscle, bone, blood, hip, waist, leg, thigh, knee, ankle, foot, heel, toe >> We express possession various ways. First, there are the possessive adjectives and pronouns: POSSESSIVE POSSESSIVE PRONOUN ADJECTIVE PRONOUN I my mine you your yours he his hers it its its we our ours they their theirs >> To a singular noun, we can add an apostrophe ' and an "s": cat the cat's food cat's James James's book James's book father my father's office father's family the Battista family's house the Battista family's the man behind the door the man behind the door's hat the man behind the door's >> To a plural noun, add 's. But if the plural noun ends in "s", just add ': children the children's jackets children's men the men's bathroom men's people the people's republic people's boys the boys' bicycles boys' animals the animals' masters animals' Smiths the Smiths' children Smiths' Joe and Pam Joe and Pam's rooms Joe and Pam's >> If the possessor is not a person or animal, we often BUT NOT ALWAYS use "of". -He is the governor of California. NOT: California's governor -the door of my room NOT: my room's door -the color of your eyes NOT: your eyes' color -the name of the river OK: the river's name -The name of the bridge is "Golden Gate". The bridge's name is "Golden Gate" Its name is "Golden Gate" >> To ask a question about possession, we use: "whose" "Whose" + verb + noun? "Whose" (noun) + verb + noun? EXAMPLES: -Whose is this computer? It's Maria's computer. It's Maria's. It's her computer. It's hers. -Whose books are those? They are Anna's books. They are her books. They are Anna's. They are hers. -Whose car is that? That car is George's. That is George's car. That is George's. That is his car. That is his. -Whose keys are these? Those keys are mine. Those are my keys. Those keys are mine. Those are mine. -Is this my money? No! It's not yours, it's mine! -Johnny, that toy is not yours, it's Billy's. -My Aunt Pam is my mother's sister, not my father's sister. -Where are my keys? Hmmm, these are not yours, are they? And these are mine... Ah! Here are your keys! -What's your name? My name is Diana, but my nick-name is "Di". -What's your last name? My last name is Walsh. -Who is Miguel Battista? He is the tall man with a red shirt. His eyes are brown, his hair is black. -Who is Miguel's mother's sister? She is his aunt. -This is John and Suzy's new house. This is their new house. -This is yesterday's newspaper, here is today's newspaper. -Barbara is not at home. She is at Karl's. EXERCISES: >> There are errors in the following sentences. Re-write them without errors: 0. Cousin Deborah is my mothers sisters daughter. Cousin Deborah is my mother's sister's daughter. 1. The cat is in it's box. 2. The childrens books are all over the room. 3. The two scientists theory isnt very interesting. 4. The hair of Miguel is black. 5. My houses color is white. 6. That is James chair. 7. These keys are her. 8. Where are mine shoes? 9. Whose is hat that? 10. These pens are my, and those are your. >> Fill in the blanks with the correct words: 0. My uncle is my father's ____. brother 11. Here is your ice cream. This ice cream is ___. 12. Those are ___ clothes. They are yours. 13. That is the dog's bed. That is ___ bed. 14. (Larry's) ___ hair is black. (Mary's) ___ is brown. 15. Your grandmother is your mother's ___. 16. ___ glasses are these? They are her glasses. 17. Are those Maria's toys? Yes, they are ___. 18. Whose ___ is this? It's David's chair. 19. Whose birthday is today? It's our birthday today. It's ___. 20. Rachel is at Steve's house. Rachel is at ___. >> Put the words in the correct order: 0. is whose this jacket ? John's it's jacket Whose jacket is this? It's John's jacket. 21. eyes color what are your ? green are they 22. mother's first is your what name ? is Eleanor her name first 23. this is bicycle whose ? Miguel's is it bicycle 24. name the town home what your is of ? is Boston name home the town my of 25. Jones' the dog that is? is it yes theirs POSSIBLE ANSWERS TO THE EXERCISES: 1. The cat is in its box. 2. The children's books are all over the room. 3. The two scientists' theory isn't very interesting. 4. Miguel's hair is black. 5. The color of the house is white. 6. That is James's chair. 7. These keys are hers. 8. Where are my shoes? 9. Whose hat is that? or: Whose is that hat? 10. These pens are mine, and those are yours. 11. yours 12. your 13. its 14. his, hers 15. mother 16. Whose 17. hers 18. chair 19. ours 20. Steve's 21. What color are your eyes? They are green. 22. What is your mother's first name? Her first name is Eleanor. 23. Whose bicycle is this? It is Miguel's bicycle. 24. What is the name of your home town? The name of my home town is Boston. 25. Is that the Jones' dog? Yes, it is theirs.